Ocular hypertension refers to situations dealing with eye pressure. This eye pressure is called as intraocular pressure. This pressure refers to being higher than normal. Eye pressure is normally measured in millimeters of mercury. The normal eye pressure ranges within 10-21mm Hg. Eye pressure that is more than 21 mm Hg is referred to as Ocular hypertension. Ocular hypertension is expressed as a condition having an intraocular pressure of over 21mm Hg and is calculated measuring one or both the eyes on some occasions. The pressure inside the eye is measured using Tonometer. Ocular hypertension is not regarded as a disease. But, people affected with ocular hypertension should be considered closely than other people for glaucoma. Another term referred to augment intraocular pressure is known as glaucoma. A suspect of glaucoma is a person who is of more concern, so the ophthalmologist may look for glaucoma developments constantly owing to the increased pressure inside the eyes.
Increased intraocular pressure results from eye conditions. Ocular hypertension refers to elevated intraocular pressure without inflicting any vision loss or nerve damage. The occurrence of Glaucoma is seen only when the pressure is increased and the optic nerve gets damaged and the chances of vision loss becomes apparent. However, though your optic nerve seems to be normal, assessing or determining the eye pressure should be done by a medical doctor specialized in surgery and eye care. A doctor specialized in eye care is known as ophthalmologist and he assesses the drainage system is closed or open. The assessment of the eye drainage system is called as angle. This angle is viewed using a system called gonioscopy. This system involves using special contact lens for examining the drainage angles of your eyes. This helps in assessing the drainage angle when the eyes are open or closed.
Recent studies show that signs of damage owing to glaucomatous are slowly increasing over years. This risk can be reduced if the pressure of eye is decreased with the help of medications. This treatment can be done prior to vision loss. Patients having thin corneas are prone to higher risk. It is also observed that women are at greater risk than men, especially after menopause. The risk of glaucomatous damage arises in any person older than 40 years for both primary open angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. However, though elevated pressure is a matter of concern for young people, there is adequate time to get exposed to increased level of pressures over their lifetime as well as towards the optic nerve damage.