The Main Causes of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition where the pressure in the arteries is higher than it should be. For the average healthy person it should be  120 over 80.
A health professional would be able to assess your blood pressure and let you know if it is high. Or my recommendation is to buy your own monitor, they are very inexpensive and easy to use.

You will not know when you have hypertension. There are no symptoms. As a result, most people only find out when they have a heart attack. A bit late!
Hypertension can be the result of other diseases.
This is normally referred to as secondary high blood pressure.
In this scenario blood pressure will return to normal once the underlying problem has been cleared up.

Secondary hypertension has many causes. Here are some of them:

  • thyroid dysfunction
  • aorta coarctation
  • alcoholism
  • tumors
  • pregnancy
  • birth control pills
  • adrenal gland diseases
  • Chronic kidney diseases such as nephritis

Coarctation is the narrowing of the aorta and is generally hereditary.
In most cases the hypertension is apparent in the arms.

Secondary hypertension can be caused by a range of other factors.
For example too much salt is a contributing factor especially sodium chloride by itself. Sea salt or similar would be preferable since it is a natural product that contains lots of other salts and minerals, not just refined sodium chloride.

One of the things you could do to help hypertension is to reduce salt intake and only use sea salt or similar.

Apart from underlying medical conditions, drugs and medications can elevate your blood pressure.
Examples are amphetamines and diet pills.

So apart from the risks of developing hypertension through other medical problems and drugs, there is also the problem of the sedentary lifestyles that are more prevalent these days. Lack of exercise will not only tend to increase your weight but will also cause high blood pressure in it’s own right.

High blood pressure can also occur as  primary high blood pressure.
It’s not known how this type of high blood pressure comes about.
Nevertheless there are some things that are known to contribute to primary high blood pressure.
The first one is age.

Blood pressure quite often increases with age.
The culprit here is arteriosclerosis which is basically hardening of the arteries.
This means the arteries can’t expand and contract with the beating of the heart.

Another cause of high blood pressure is one you can’t do anything about. It’s in your genes.
Chances are that if high blood pressure runs in your family, you are going to be a sufferer as well.

However, it’s not all doom and gloom. If you are aware of having high blood pressure you can manage it. Start eating healthy meals with plenty of vegetables and fruits, decrease your salt intake, especially refined sodium chloride, exercise regularly.

To be aware of your blood pressure, high or otherwise, you should get yourself a blood pressure monitor. The are inexpensive and very easy to use. Take control!


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